World Obesity Day: Obesity is one of the most common problems these days around the world and it becoming prevalent among children as well. If we talk about India, there are chances of an annual rise of 9.1 per cent in childhood obesity by the end of 2035. This can be the scenario if prevention, treatment and support for it do not improve in the coming days, said a global study.
To raise awareness about the disease, World Obesity Day is observed every year on March 4. The day is observed annually to motivate people to maintain a healthy weight and reverse the global obesity crisis.
The report, which has been published by the World Obesity Federation, has predicted that over half of the global population will be overweight and obese in less than 12 years if prevention, treatment and support do not improve.
The report has been titled ‘World Obesity Atlas 2023’. It shows that 3 per cent of boys in India had an obesity risk in 2020, but by 2035 the risk may jump to 12 per cent. Similarly, the risk for girls was 2 per cent in 2020 but it can rise to 7 per cent in the next 12 years.
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When it comes to women in India, the report said that they had an obesity risk of 7 per cent in 2020 and this is likely to rise to 13 per cent by 2035. On the other hand, the risk of obesity in men was 4 per cent in 2020, which will rise to 8 per cent in 12 years.
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The main reasons behind the rise in the number of people with obesity in lower-income countries include the shift to highly processed foods. The other factors responsible for it are greater levels of sedentary behaviour and weaker policies to control the food supply and food marketing. Fewer healthcare services with proper resources to assist in weight management and in health education is also an important factor that is contributing to it.