World Malaria Day 2022: Here’s The Malaria-Free Countries And Indian States 

Malaria is caused by a parasite that is spread to humans by a specific type of mosquito. When a female Anopheles mosquito bites a person, the Plasmodium parasites are injected into the bloodstream, infecting him.

Despite the fact that malaria is curable and preventable, the World Health Organization estimates that there will be around 241 million cases of the disease in 2020. Furthermore, the deadly disease claimed the lives of 6.27 lakh people globally in 2020.

Some countries, however, have been able to successfully eradicate Malaria. Malaria-free certification has been granted to 40 countries and territories worldwide by the WHO. China is the most recent country to be declared malaria-free by the WHO. El Salvador (2021), Argentina (2019), Paraguay (2018), and Uzbekistan are the most recent countries to join the malaria-free club (2018).

So far, no state in India has been able to completely eradicate Malaria. In 2019, India accounted for 88% of malaria cases and 86% of malaria deaths in the WHO South-East Asia region. It is also the only country outside of Africa to be named as a ‘high burden to high impact’ country.

Odisha is one of the states on the verge of meeting the malaria-free target. The state government announced last year that it had reduced malaria cases by 90% in the previous three years.

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