World Asthma Day 2022: History, significance and other details

Asthma is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them leading to characteristic symptoms of breathlessness & wheeze.

Asthma has a relatively low fatality rate compared to other chronic diseases.
Asthma has a relatively low fatality rate compared to other chronic diseases.

World Asthma Day is celebrated every year on May 3 to raise awareness about asthma, a condition in which a person’s airways get narrow and swollen and may produce extra mucus and get blocked because of it. According to Dr Arunesh Kumar – HOD & Senior Consultant, Pulmonology, Paras Hospitals, Gurugram – Asthma is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them leading to characteristic symptoms of breathlessness & wheeze.

“Diagnosis of the diseases is based upon the symptoms, clinical examination, lung function tests, blood tests and response to therapy. While asthma has a relatively low fatality rate compared to other chronic diseases, recurrent asthma symptoms can cause sleeplessness, daytime fatigue, reduced activity levels with deterioration of lung function. Though the exact causes of asthma are multifactorial, the strongest risk factors for causing asthma symptoms are environmental. Even psychological conditions like extreme emotional arousal such as anger or fear, and excessive physical exercise can also trigger the risk. Certain medications including aspirin and other non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs can also cause inflammation of your lungs. One should be compliant with asthma treatment to have good symptom control and have good treatment action plan in place,” Dr Kumar added.

History
World Asthma Day was first started by the Global Initiative for Asthma, a medical guideline organisation founded in 1993. It works with various health care professionals to reduce the prevalence of Asthma. The first World Asthma Day was organised on the sidelines of the World Asthma Meeting in Spain. Around 35 countries had participated in it. Since that day, it is being celebrated on the first Tuesday of May.

Significance
World Asthma Day aims at bridging the gaps in asthma care. This day is dedicated to increase awareness about the medical issues that asthma patients face and to encourage equal access to diagnosis and treatment (medicine). According to Global Initiative for Asthma, efforts are made to ensure that international respiratory communities work together with patients and health care providers to implement asthma care solutions both, locally and globally.

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