Dermatology Disorders That Can Arise Post Suffering From Any Zoonotic Disease: Check Details

Exposure to pets and other animals through occupational or recreational means can result in a variety of dermatologic consequences ranging from mild illnesses to severe life-threatening ones.
Exposure to pets and other animals through occupational or recreational means can result in a variety of dermatologic consequences ranging from mild illnesses to severe life-threatening ones.

By Dr Mahima Aggarwal, Consultant Dermatology, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh

Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. Transmission occurs directly through an animal or through smaller organisms like ticks, mosquitoes, or flies. Exposure to pets and other animals through occupational or recreational means can result in a variety of dermatologic consequences ranging from mild illnesses to severe life-threatening ones. It is important to be aware of common dermatological zoonotic diseases to protect yourself from these diseases and consult your dermatologist at the earliest to prevent complications.

One of the most common reasons to visit a doctor if you have a close association with cats and dogs maybe an animal bite, it is crucial to get yourself immunised for tetanus and rabies in case of a bite and immediate proper cleaning of the wound is mandatory at home with soap and water, a visit to your physician or dermatologist is necessary if the bite is deep as antibiotics maybe necessary and appropriate care maybe required in case there is any injury to joints, tendon, nerves or vessels.

Next most common dermatological illness which maybe transmitted by pets are fungal ringworm infections, the fungus resides on cats and dogs and by means of touch, it can affect humans and cause highly inflammatory ring like rashes which are red, itchy and may have blisters or pus discharge and can affect any body part. It is very commonly seen to affect the scalp of children.

Therefore it is crucial to get your pets treated at the earliest by a veterinarian in case they develop any rash or itch and you should remember to inform your dermatologist about your close association with animals when you visit them as it helps them arrive at a diagnosis.

Some other common zoonotic diseases are animal scabies and fleabites in which dogs and cats develop an itching all over the body which can be transmitted to humans.

Some of the serious and less common dermatological zoonotic diseases are caused by bacteria living on mammals like cats, dogs, monkeys etc which can spread by their bites or scratches, like cat scratch disease & bacillary angiomatosis. Some diseases can be seen in fish or poultry handlers and those who deal with handling sick farm animals like erysipeloid or anthrax respectively.

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