Infertility according to WHO is “a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.”
According to the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction (ISAR), infertility is the biggest public health concern in India which currently affects about 10 to 14 percent of the country’s population, with higher rates in urban areas where one in six couples is impacted. The infertility has given rise to social, psychological and economic disturbances among married couples. It also leads to social stigma for them as they childless women involved are barred from many religious and social ceremonies. They tend to face harassment too including domestic violence. The trouble forces them to take multiple sorts of treatments including religious quacks and in the process they get exploited physically and economically.
Preeti Agarwal, Co-Founder, Crysta IVF spoke to Healthwire and answered some common important questions about infertility:
Question 1. What are the common reasons for the rise in infertility?
Answer – Infertility is becoming more prevalent, and awareness of it is increasing as well, which is a positive sign. We are aware of infertility because there is a certain stigma associated with the condition now. These myths and stigmas have become a common reason for rising infertility issues as people don’t feel free to discuss problems related to fertility.
While increasing your fertility may be difficult, you may help yourself by avoiding harmful, toxic exposures as much as possible. Maintaining healthy body weight and eating a well-balanced diet will aid in general health and fertility. If you’re seeking a ray of hope during these challenging times, the silver lining for those who are suffering is that you have the chance to improve your body and your stress levels, both of which will make parenting more meaningful and healthier.
Question 2. How alcohol consumption can affect your fertility?
Answer – Women who consume a large amount of alcohol are more likely to experience heavy or irregular periods, as well as fertility issues. It can also affect ovulation, making it harder to conceive.
Various research studies have shown that excessive consumption of alcohol affects the male reproductive system, especially testosterone synthesis and the body’s capacity to create enough mature sperm capable of fertilizing an egg. Drinking alcohol, especially in significant amounts, reduces a man’s ability to produce powerful and healthy sperm.
Question 3. Are millennial women moving towards egg/embryo freezing – things to know & tips to plan?
Answer – The option of freezing eggs while still young and storing them for the future should be considered by each young lady. Egg freezing has become a popular approach for women to always have the option of establishing a family because of advances in medical technology that have made the process so painless and inexpensive. Oocyte Vitrification, a breakthrough procedure for freezing eggs, is the most effective method of making parenthood possible today. Thanks to a safe, less intrusive cryopreservation (egg freezing) method, millennial women are planning their children at a younger age without abandoning their jobs. Demand for personalized and inexpensive egg freezing services is increasing as millennial women approach their 30s.
Question 4. Is embryo freezing an important component of fertility for women with breast cancer’s treatment plan before they start chemo?
Answer – Fertility may be a major source of concern for people’s quality of life. The reasons and therapies for infertility in young breast cancer patients must be fully recognized to understand the impact. Radiation, cytotoxic chemotherapy, and hormone treatment all have some influence on ovarian function.
Embryo freezing (also known as oocyte cryopreservation) is another viable option for women who want to preserve their fertility. The likelihood of producing a baby with frozen eggs or embryos is determined by your age at the time of egg retrieval as well as the number of mature eggs obtained. There is still a need to increase awareness of fertility preservation techniques so that patients are referred as early as possible after the initial diagnosis is made.
Question 5. Fertility struggles can be emotionally tough, what are your views on this?
Answer – Infertility is often a silent battle. The relationship between stress and infertility has been debated for years. Despite the high frequency of infertility, the majority of infertile women do not tell their situation to family or friends, making them more vulnerable psychologically. Lack of natural reproduction can lead to emotions of shame, remorse, and low self-esteem. These unpleasant emotions can lead to sadness, worry, discomfort, and a poor quality of life in various degrees.
Patients who get assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures are at a higher risk of developing psychiatric illnesses, therefore it’s critical to notice, acknowledge, and support these patients as they deal with their problems with infertility diagnosis and treatment.
Question 6. What role does a healthy lifestyle have in increasing the success rate of IVF procedures?
Answer – For proper tissue function, a healthy, well-balanced diet and lifestyle are essential. Fresh fruits, vegetables, and healthy proteins should be included in one’s diet whereas junk and processed foods should be avoided. Certain vitamins and dietary categories have a stronger influence on reproductive and fertility health than others. Antioxidants improve egg quality and significantly improve sperm parameters, resulting in a significant rise in pregnancy rates.
Question 7.When is the best time to start IVF treatment? How can you look after your reproductive health?
Answer- Infertility is becoming increasingly prevalent. It concerns infertility issues to optimize one’s capacity to conceive and the best time to decide on IVF and see a particular time to comprehend the entire procedure with the financial side being involved. The age of the couple has a significant effect since the success rate begins to decline around the mid-thirties. This decrease is especially noticeable in women over the age of 40. Miscarriage and birth abnormalities are also more common in older women who are receiving (ART) procedures for infertility.
Question 8. What are some things to consider while deciding on IVF treatment?
Answer –There has been a massive increase in the number of couples experiencing infertility in recent decades. Here are a few things to think about while planning to go for an IVF treatment. IVF-related concerns about physical, financial, and emotional stress are prominent factors that create hindrances in the IVF journey. Dealing with infertility may be emotionally draining, so prepare yourself physically and psychologically by exercising and counseling, as well as scheduling your work so that you are not stressed throughout IVF treatment.