Staying close to home and avoiding crowded places can help older adults reduce their risk of Covid-19. But a new national poll suggests it comes with a cost, especially for those with health challenges.
In June of this year, 56 per cent of people over the age of 50 said they sometimes or often felt isolated from others – more than double the 27 per cent who felt that way in a similar poll in 2018.
Social isolation among older adults is a “serious public health concern” because of their heightened risk of cardiovascular, autoimmune, neurocognitive, and mental health problems.
Quarantine can lead to loneliness, especially for older people and people who live alone.
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) April 19, 2020
The new findings come from the National Poll on Healthy Aging, which is done for the University of Michigan’s Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation with support from AARP and Michigan Medicine, U-M’s academic medical centre. Both the 2020 and 2018 polls on loneliness involved a national sample of more than 2,000 adults aged 50 to 80. The poll points to some bright spots, too.
For instance, 46 per cent of older adults who said they interacted with people in their neighbourhood at least once a week were less likely to say they’d experienced forms of loneliness. Technology also helped many people over 50 connect with others, including the 59 per cent who reported using social media at least once a week, and the 31% who used video chat at least once a week.
YOU MAY LIKE TO READ: Elderly Should Exercise Regularly, Take Balanced Diet: Dr Yash Gulati
And many older adults said they engaged in healthy behaviours despite the pandemic — including 75% who said they were getting outdoors or interacting with nature, and 62% who said they got exercise several times a week. But those experiencing loneliness were less likely to engage in these healthy behaviours.
“As the pandemic continues, it will be critical to pay attention to how well we as a society support the social and emotional needs of older adults,” says John Piette, Ph.D., a professor at the U-M School of Public Health who worked with the poll team. “The intersection of loneliness and health still needs many studies, but even as we gather new evidence, all of us can take time to reach out to older neighbours, friends and relatives in safe ways as they try to avoid the coronavirus.”
YOU MAY LIKE TO READ: SC Asks States To Give Detailed Report On Plea Seeking Care For Elderly During Covid
“The change we see in these measures in less than two years is truly remarkable,” says Preeti Malani, M.D., the U-M Medical School professor who directs the poll and has training in geriatrics and infectious diseases. “The use of technology to bridge the gap, and the importance of keeping up healthy routines like exercise, sleep, a balanced diet and getting outside, will no doubt continue to be important in the months ahead.” Interactions with health and lifestyle