Know What Is Glaucoma? Its Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Glaucoma is an eye disease that can harm your optic nerve. The optic nerve supplies visual data to your cerebrum from your eyes. 

Glaucoma is an eye disease that can harm your optic nerve. The optic nerve supplies visual data to your cerebrum from your eyes. 

Glaucoma is generally, but not always, the consequence of strangely high pressing factors inside your eye. Over the long haul, the expanded pressing factor can disintegrate your optic nerve tissue, which may prompt vision misfortune or even visual deficiency. 

Symptoms of Glaucoma

The most widely recognized kind of glaucoma is essential open-point glaucoma. It has no signs or manifestations aside from progressive vision misfortune. Consequently, it’s significant that you go to yearly complete eye tests so your ophthalmologist, or eye care professional can screen any adjustments in your vision.

According to Dr. Ranil Bhatia, Ophthalmologist, these can be the symptoms of glaucoma.

  • Sudden blurred vision
  • Redness in your eye
  • Sudden vision disturbance
  • Severe eye pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

What can be the causes of glaucoma?

The rear of your eye constantly makes an unmistakable liquid called fluid humor. As this liquid is made, it fills the forward portion of your eye. At that point, it leaves your eye through directions in your cornea and iris. In the event that these channels are hindered or somewhat impeded, the regular pressing factor in your eye, which is known as the intraocular pressure (IOP), may increment. As your IOP builds, your optic nerve may get harmed. As harm to your nerve advances, you may start losing sight in your eye.

What makes the pressing factor in your eye increment isn’t constantly known. In any case, specialists trust at least one of these elements may assume a part: 

  • Expanding eye drops 
  • Obstructed or limited waste in your eye 
  • Drugs, like corticosteroids 
  • Poor or diminished bloodstream to your optic nerve 
  • High blood pressure

Treatment of glaucoma

The objective of glaucoma treatment is to diminish IOP to stop any extra visual perception misfortune. Ordinarily, your primary care physician will start treatment with medicine eye drops. In the event that these don’t work or further developed treatment is required, your primary care physician may propose a few meds intended to diminish IOP. These drugs are accessible as eye drops or pills, yet the drops are more normal. Your primary care physician may endorse one or a blend of these.

Surgery options are also available for the treatment but In the event that an impeded or moderate channel is causing expanded IOP, your PCP may recommend a medical procedure to make a seepage way for liquid or annihilate tissues that are liable for the expanded liquid. 

Treatment for point conclusion glaucoma is extraordinary. This kind of glaucoma is a health-related crisis and requires prompt treatment to diminish eye pressure as fast as could really be expected. Prescriptions are generally endeavored first, to invert the point conclusion, yet this might be ineffective. A laser technique called laser fringe iridotomy may likewise be performed. This methodology makes little openings in your iris to take into account expanded smooth motion.

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