Dr. Nanda Rajneesh, General Laparoscopic Surgeon at Apollo Spectra Hospital Koramangala Bangalore
Breast Cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer amongst women in India and the world and as per World Health Organisation, 1 in 12 women is likely to develop breast cancer in their lifetime. Despite the rising number of cases and the fatality rate, society lacks awareness about the importance of early detection of diseases. An early diagnosis can increase the chances of survival by 90 percent and it also helps the patient recover faster. In the multiple roles that women juggle, they often forget to pay attention to their bodies and their symptoms. It is imperative that women take time out for regular breast examinations and mammograms to eradicate the chances of letting the diseases fester.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
- A lump in the breast or stiffening of the breast tissue.
- Change of colour of areola
- Unusual discharge from nipples
- Breast pain that is severe
- Change in the shape or size of the breast.
- Inverted Nipple
While the disease does not present any obvious symptoms in the early stages, factors like family history, obesity and suffering from any other form of cancer should be considered to schedule regular screenings and self-examinations. An X-ray called a mammogram is used to detect early signs of cancer in women before any physical symptoms develop.
A number of treatment options like mastectomy, chemotherapy, lumpectomy, and radiation are available for breast cancer if detected in the early stages. Excess visceral fat cells can cause inflammation in the body and long term inflammation can damage your body and increase the risk of cancer. The process of more cells dividing and reproducing uncontrollably means something can go wrong and form a tumour.
Prevention of Breast Cancer
The exact cause of breast cancer is unknown, which makes it difficult to prevent. But precautions can be taken to keep the disease at bay. Breast cancer is more common in women over 30 years of age as the body goes through multiple hormonal changes.
Maintaining Body Mass Index: Keeping the body weight in check is the simplest way to prevent any form of cancer. With age, the body becomes more vulnerable and prone to such medical conditions hence it is important to maintain a healthy BMI.
Diet: A healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables can help in preventing cancer. Include foods rich in antioxidants like raspberries, beets, artichokes and more.
Exercise: a walking routine of 30 minutes a day can help in preventing a number of fatal diseases. Take steps to include physical activity in your routine, take that zoom call while walking or simply take breaks to walk around in the middle of a workday
Avoid excess caffeine and Alcohol: Reducing the intake of caffeine and alcohol can prove useful in preventing all types of cancer. Regulate the consumption of such drinks to maintain a healthy lifestyle.