Know About ‘Silent Miscarriage’, Its Symptoms And Causes

10 percent of known pregnancies result in miscarriage and 80 percent of it occurs in the first trimester only.

Women are well aware of the fact that the first trimester of their pregnancy is the most crucial time. In this stage of pregnancy, even a little carelessness can cause a miscarriage. According to many studies, 10 per cent of known pregnancies result in miscarriage and 80 per cent of it occurs in the first trimester only. Each every woman knows the facts related to miscarriages but very few women know what is ‘Silent Miscarriage’.

Silent miscarriage is a condition where the fetus doesn’t form, or has died inside of the uterus, but unlike the normal miscarriage, the embryonic tissues and placenta are still inside of the uterus. It is also known as a missed miscarriage or missed abortion. This is called or known as Silent miscarriage because it doesn’t give you cramps or pain or any bleeding like a normal miscarriage making it difficult for a woman to know that what has actually happened to her.

Symptoms of a ‘Silent Miscarriage’

As told earlier, it is quite unlike a normal miscarriage, so it doesn’t give you normal symptoms. Its symptoms are very different from a typical miscarriage:

  • Sometimes there can be a brownish discharge.
  • Early pregnancy symptoms such as nausea, breast soreness
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Abdominal cramps or pain
  • Lack of pregnancy symptoms
  • Discharge of fluid or tissue

Causes of a ‘Silent Miscarriage’

Approx 50 percent of miscarriages happen because of the wrong number of chromosomes in the embryo but the exact cause of a silent miscarriage is still not known. 

Some studies say that women who have an endocrine or autoimmune disorder, or a chain smoker may be at higher risk of silent miscarriage. Physical trauma or scarring can also cause the missed abortion. 

In a missed abortion, the fetus just stops growing and there is no proven explanation of the cause of it. It can’t be because of eating anything, traveling or working.

Diagnosis of a missed abortion

Silent miscarriages are diagnosed when a doctor cannot hear the heartbeat of your fetus or can’t see any movements during the ultrasound. It is diagnosed in an ultrasound before 20 weeks gestation. 

Dr. Rekha Srivastava, Gynecologist says that “In case you’re under 10 weeks pregnant, your primary care physician may screen the level of the pregnancy chemical hCG in your blood for two or three days. In the event that the hCG level doesn’t increase at a normal rate, it’s a sign the pregnancy has finished. They may likewise arrange a subsequent ultrasound seven days after the first one to check whether they can distinguish the heartbeat at that point”.

When you should see a doctor?

As soon as you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms, it is important to consult your doctor. It is not always necessary that every symptom can be related to a miscarriage but having precautions and being alert can be beneficial for the mother and the baby. You should especially see your doctor if you notice any of the three main symptoms which include:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Abdominal cramps or pain
  • Discharge of fluid or tissue

Pregnancy is a very exciting and sensitive stage of any woman’s life. Every woman should take as many precautions as she can. To have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby, adopting a healthy lifestyle would be beneficial for the mother and baby both.

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