Kala-Azar cases decline 98.7 per cent since 2007, Centre plans to eliminate disease by 2023

Kala-azar was endemic in 633 blocks of 54 districts in four endemic states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

Dr Mansukh Mandaviya, who chaired the meeting, appreciated the efforts of the state governments toward meeting the elimination target.
Dr Mansukh Mandaviya, who chaired the meeting, appreciated the efforts of the state governments toward meeting the elimination target.

Health News: There has been a 98.7 per cent decline in cases of Kala-azar since 2007, the Union Health Ministry said on Wednesday. According to the data shared by the Health Ministry, there were 44,533 cases of Kala Azar in 2207 and it has reduced to 834 in 2022.

Dr Mansukh Mandaviya, who chaired the meeting, appreciated the efforts of the state governments toward meeting the elimination target.

“From interventions like pucca houses through Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), rural electrification, timely testing, treatment, periodic high-level review, to incentivizing through award distribution for states/districts/blocks, government along with its stakeholders are ensuring a robust ecosystem for early detection of the disease and its timely treatment,” Mandaviya said.

The Health Minister also said that the Centre is supporting all states in active case detection, surveillance, treatment, and supply of diagnostic kits, medicines, sprays etc.

Kala-azar is considered the second deadliest parasitic killer in the world after Malaria.

He urged the endemic states to ensure that there is a regular review and micro-stratification in high-risk blocks.

About 90 pc of global cases of Kala-azar were reported from eight countries: Brazil, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan in 2021, with India contributing 11.5 pc of total cases reported globally.

Kala-azar was endemic in 633 blocks of 54 districts in four endemic states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. It is a notifiable disease in these states.

Currently, more than 90 per cent of the Kala-azar cases are contributed by Bihar and Jharkhand. Uttar Pradesh (2019) and West Bengal (2017) states have achieved their elimination targets at the block level.

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