At a time when the world is dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, it is very crucial to take every preventive step to be safe and healthy. As we still try to find a cure for the coronavirus, we have entered the phase of Monsoon. This weather brings a pleasant change but one cannot overlook the host of seasonal diseases accompanying it. Disease such as Dengue, diarrhoea, jaundice, and typhoid can give a tough time to people.
According to Dr. Gaurav Patil – Gastroenterologist, Global Hospital, Mumbai – a spurt of monsoon maladies is witnessed every year. Most of such cases are reported from areas with improper hygiene and water drainage facilities. Besides, the consumption of street food and unwashed raw fruits and vegetables increases the risk.
“Several cases of stomach flu or viral gastroenteritis crop up wherein the patients suffer from loose stools, cramps abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting for a few days. This can lead to the risk of dehydration and toxic symptoms. If left unattended this can lead to risk of dehydration and toxic symptoms,” said Dr. Gaurav Patil.
“Sometimes Bacteria like E.coli, Salmonella enter the body through contaminated food and water and cause fever, swelling in the intestines leading to blood and mucus in the stool; many of such cases require hospitalization,” he added.
Here are some of the preventive measures that can help people to keep these diseases at bay:
- Avoid raw, uncooked or stale food as much as possible and it is advisable to only drink boiled water.
- Washing your food and utensils to limits the risk of infection.
- Consume plenty of rehydrating liquids namely homemade ORS if there are some symptoms.
- Avoiding spicy, oily, or processed food can be beneficial and provide the gut adequate rest to recuperate.
- Probiotics like curds, yogurt have an extremely beneficial effect in treating such cases and can be consumed at home.
- Avoid self-medicating with antibiotics as the majority of cases are due to a viral cause and are self-limiting.
- If there is fever, excessive vomiting, mucus, or blood in stools one must immediately consult a physician for further advice. Hospitalization is needed in such situations.
- Kids and the elderly are always at a higher risk of suffering from such complications and therefore it is necessary to ensure that they eat and drink right all the time.