Many women are unaware that “their biological clock is ticking” and perhaps don’t know- how late is too late to be a mother. In fact, it’s quite common for a couple to dig deeper into the subject only when they are on their journey to family planning. “It’s important to remember that fertility is true for both men and women, and that understanding it is critical for both conception and baby’s health,” said Dheeraj Jain – Founder, Crysta IVF. It is equally important to understand how age affects women’s fertility in comparison to men.
According to Jain, the effects of men and women fertility on their bodies change as they get older. “A woman is born with a certain number of eggs that gradually deplete over time until she is unable to produce any more. A man, on the other hand, can produce sperm for the rest of his life,” said the founder of Crysta IVF.
“As a result, the pregnancy health window for women is shorter than for men, who can even father a child in their 60s and 70s,” he added.
So, let’s take a look at fertility in various age groups:
Experts say the best time to get pregnant is between your late 20s and early 30s. This age range is associated with the best outcomes for both you and your baby. One study pinpointed the ideal age to give birth to a first child as 30.5 years.
The following are some of the many benefits of pregnancy in late 20s and early 30s:
Because your eggs are less likely to carry genetic abnormalities, your child’s risk of developing genetic disorders like Down Syndrome or Thalassemia is low.
Even the mother’s health risks, such as gestational diabetes or hypertension, are reduced.
The following are the disadvantages of late pregnancy:
- The risk of pre-eclampsia, a pregnancy complication, increases during the first pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia affects the arteries carrying blood to the placenta. If the placenta doesn’t get enough blood, then the baby may receive inadequate blood and oxygen and fewer nutrients. This can lead to slow growth known as fetal growth restriction, low birth weight or preterm birth.
Getting pregnant is difficult if you have PCOD, uterine fibroids, or any other underlying medical condition.
Fertility problems in their thirties
If a woman wants to conceive during this stage of her life, her chances of getting pregnant are between 15 and 20% per month, assuming she doesn’t have any underlying health issues. According to a study, women in their early 30s have a 30% chance of conceiving on their first try. When a woman reaches 35, however, her fertility begins to decline due to a decrease in the quality and quantity of her eggs. Even after 35, the chances of conceiving naturally are slim. A woman’s body produces more follicle-stimulating hormones, which makes her more likely to have twins or triplets.
The following are some of the dangers of conceiving in your 30s:
C-section rates are higher.
Newborns are more likely to have genetic problems.
Miscarriages and stillbirths have become more common.
Ectopic pregnancy risks are higher.