Vertigo is the sensation of spinning and dizziness that limits an individual’s normal activities and takes a toll on health. It is a sense of dizziness that happens with or without any movement.
The term “dizziness” will be hard to explain but often involves feeling such as spinning, swaying, or tilting. It can also cause you to feel difficulty walking straight.
If you have vertigo, you may feel like you are moving or like the room is moving around you, even when you are still. Vertigo is often caused by a variety of problems involving the inner ear or brain.
If you have vertigo, you may feel like you are:
- Tilting or swaying
These feelings can come and go and may last for seconds, minutes, hours, or days. Depending on what is causing your vertigo, you might also have other symptoms, such as:
- Nausea or vomiting
- A headache or sensitivity to light and noise
- Double vision, trouble speaking or swallowing, or weakness
- Shortness of breath, sweating, or a racing heartbeat
If you think you have vertigo, see your health care provider. It will help if you can describe how long your symptoms last, what triggers the symptoms, and any other problems you are having. These clues can help point to the cause of your vertigo.
Epley maneuver is performed to treat POSTERIOR canal BPPV affecting the right ear.
- With the patient seated on the table, turn head 45 toward the affected side while extending the neck.
- Patient down keeping head rotated and extend the nock 10 to 20 depending on the patient’s ability and comfort. Hold this position for 20 to 30 seconds or until nystagmus or vertigo ceases.
- Turn head 90 toward the unaffected side. Hold this position for 20 to 30 seconds or until nystagmus or vertigo ceases
- Turn head another 90′ rolling body toward the unaffected side. Hold this position for 20 to 30 seconds or until nystagmus or vertigo ceases.
- Return the patient to an upright seated position with neck flexed for 20 to 30 seconds.
— JAMA (@JAMA_current) October 10, 2015
The symptoms of dizziness need to be reproduced by the exercises for any benefit to occur. If the exercises are done regularly, the symptoms should resolve in a period of some days.
In most people, vertigo is bothersome, but it is not caused by a serious problem. Treatment for vertigo aims to treat the underlying cause (if the cause is known), relieve symptoms, and help with recovery.
If your doctor is able to identify the cause of your vertigo, he or she can recommend treatments such as medications, procedures, or lifestyle changes. Sometimes, treating the underlying condition relieves or resolves vertigo; other times, it is aimed at slowing disease progression and improving your overall prognosis.
Treatment with medication is not usually recommended if your vertigo lasts only seconds or minutes.