According to media reports, the US- based pharmaceutical major Pfizer’s Chief Executive Officer Albert Bourla said that the company’s Covid-19 oral antiviral pill, in the early-stage trials, could be ready by the end of the year.
The company, which developed the first authorised Covid-19 vaccine in the US with German drugmaker BioNTech, began an early-stage clinical trial for testing a new antiviral therapy for Covid-19 in March, according to CNBC.
The drug works by inhibiting an enzyme that the virus needs to replicate in human cells and the drug is part of a class of medicines called protease inhibitors.
“If clinical trials go well and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves it, the drug could be distributed across the US by the end of the year,” Bourla told CNBC.
The report said, the protease inhibitors are used to treat other viral pathogens such as HIV and hepatitis C. The pharmaceutical company has asked the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to expand the Emergency Use Authorisation (EUA) for its Covid-19 vaccine to include children ages 12 to 15.
After Pfizer released demonstrating its vaccine was 100 per cent effective and well-tolerated by the younger group, hence, the request to expand emergency use comes after this statement.
However, Pfizer is also working on its vaccine for 6-month to 11-year-old children. According to a recent study published in the journal science, it was shown that a single dose of Pfizer- BioNTech vaccines against Covid may boost immunity against the Covid-19 variants, only in people who were previously infected with the deadly virus.
The study indicated, in people who have not previously been infected and have so far only received one dose of vaccine, the immune response to variants of concern may be insufficient.