Coronavirus Effect: Crimes Fall Sharply Around The World

The coronavirus pandemic that has crippled big-box retailers and mom and pop shops worldwide may be making a dent in illicit business, too. In Chicago, one of America’s most violent cities, drug arrests have plummeted 42 per cent in the weeks since the city shut down, compared with the same period last year. Part of that decrease, some criminal lawyers say, is that drug dealers have no choice but to wait out the economic slump.

“The feedback I’m getting is that they aren’t able to move, to sell anything anywhere,” said Joseph Lopez, a criminal lawyer in Chicago who represents reputed drug dealers.

Overall, Chicago’s crime declined 10 per cent after the pandemic struck, a trend playing out globally as cities report stunning crime drops in the weeks since measures were put into place to slow the spread of the virus.

Even among regions that have the highest levels of violence outside a war zone, fewer people are being killed and fewer robberies are taking place. Still, law enforcement officials worry about a surge of unreported domestic violence, and what happens when restrictions lift — or go on too long.

According to the latest Delhi Police data, the crime rate in the city has fallen drastically. The data between March 15 and March 31 show that most crimes have reduced by half and a few others saw a drop of 80%.

Since there are little to no people on the streets due to the 21-day lockdown, street crimes and fatal road accidents have gone down and an increased police presence and closed borders have contributed towards a low rate in burglary and vehicle thefts. Severe checking at the borders has caused a deterrent for criminals from the neighbour states. Robbery, kidnapping and extortion too have dipped tremendously.

There is a 44% decrease in crimes compared to last year. There were only 1,890 crimes reported this year compared to last year’s 3,416.

Cases of molestation of women have halved from 144 last year to 72 this year. Cases of fights have gone down by 65% as most people are confined to their homes.

It’s rare for a city to see a double-digit drop in crime, even over a much longer period. During New York City’s 1990s crime decline, one of the biggest turnarounds in American history, crime dropped about 40 per cent over three years. That makes the drop-offs occurring now — in a period of just a couple of weeks — even more seismic.

Across Latin America, crime is down to levels unseen in decades. “Killings are down, and the gangsters aren’t harassing so much,” Eduardo Perdomo, a 47-year-old construction worker, said while getting off a bus in San Salvador. “I think they’re afraid of catching the virus, and they aren’t going out.” El Salvador reported an average of two killings a day last month, down from a peak of 600 a day a few years ago.

Much of the decrease has taken place because of tougher security policies and gang truces. But the imposition of near-total limits on movement is likely driving it down further, according to analysts and national statistics.

In Peru, where crime levels fell 84 per cent last month, Lima mortician Raúl González usually has as many as 15 bodies a day — many are homicide victims.

“Most burglars, they wait for you to leave the house.” Policing has also changed in the face of the pandemic. Officers are increasingly getting sick; the NYPD, the country’s largest department with more than 36,000 officers, has more than 7,000 officers out and more than 2,000 diagnosed with COVID-19. And US authorities say they’re issuing citations instead of making low-level arrests, policing social distancing and putting detectives into patrol cars — which could, in turn, bring down crime rates.

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