IVF babies are very common these days, sometimes you don’t know that the other achiever who is sitting next to you is an IVF baby. There are several questions that come to the mind of couples when they are going to undergo an IVF cycle and the first thing that pops up in their mind is that is our baby that is going to be created, is it artificial?
According to Dr Richika Sahay – Director, IVF, Fortis Hospital Vasant Kunj – ART (Assisted reproductive technique ) which also includes IVF means assisted reproductive technique and it clearly doesn’t mean artificial reproductive technique so there is nothing artificial about it.
“The only difference is that in the process of IVF the fertilization of egg and sperm is done outside the uterus with the help of fertility drugs instead of sexual intercourse. The rest of the pregnancy is carried out in the same way as it is carried in a natural conception,” Dr Sahay said.
“There are some studies that emphasise that IVF babies have been as healthy as those conceived naturally. In fact, in a study done at IOWA when they compared these IVF babies less than 17 yrs with their peers they found better results, other factors that they considered were socio-economic condition and highere maternal age and education which also contributed to the same,” she added.
IVF as a technique started some 44 years ago with advances and research still ongoing in it. Some papers show that in patients with male factor infertility when a process called ICSI is done it slightly increases the chance of anomalous (neurological and cognitive disturbances ) babies but that is a very low risk it is not too high as compared to the chance of that in naturally conceived babies. In multiple pregnancies that is twins and triplets, the complications that occur are the same as they would have occurred with naturally conceived multiple pregnancies. For these complications, IVF doesn’t have anything to do with it is the number of fetuses inside which is responsible for these complications, not the procedure with which they conceived. As IVF is also done in females with high maternal age so the complications that you would be seeing in this pregnancy are not due to the way you conceived, but due to the advanced maternal age which in itself is a risk factor, it would have happened if the conception was natural also.
IVF babies don’t have any short or long-term risks on their health
In fact, IVF has evolved so much that by a technique called PGT we are able to screen genetically anomalous babies which is a boon for couples having previous anomalous babies or who are at risk for the same. So overall it decreases the rate of miscarriage and anomalous babies on the whole if we opt for this technique.
“Yes, IVF babies are very much healthy and normal as babies conceived naturally . They in no way lack in intelligence examples are many celebrity babies who have come out and talked about it but still, it’s a taboo as many people don’t talk about IVF and so we need to have an awareness about it,” the doctor said.
IVF is a way of conception and it doesn’t complicate the way of your obstetric journey. It just assists you to conceive.