World Parkinson’s Disease Day Special: All You Need To Know About Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is basically a progressive neurological disorder. In Parkinson's, the cells of the substantia nigra start to die. At the point when this occurs, dopamine levels are decreased.

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder. In Parkinson’s, the cells of the substantia nigra start to die. When this occurs, dopamine levels are decreased. At the point when they have dropped 60 to 80 percent, side effects of Parkinson’s begin to show up.

Primary signs of having Parkinson’s are issues with movements. Smooth and facilitated muscle developments of the body are made conceivable by a substance in the mind called dopamine. Dopamine is created in a piece of the cerebrum called the “substantia nigra.”

Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

  • Constipation
  • Voice changes
  • Decreased ability to smell

The major and secondary symptoms are seen as:

  • Slow movements
  • Tremor
  • Issues with balance
  • Stiffness of arms, trunks and legs
  • Reduced arm swinging when walking
  • Low-volume speech
  • Blank facial expressions
  • Fall backward

Apart from all these symptoms, Parkinson’s may include some severe symptoms as: 

  • Anxiety
  • Hallucinations
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Difficulty with visual-spatial relationships
  • Increased risk of melanoma, a serious type of skin cancer

Diagnosis of Parkinson’s

There’s no particular test for diagnosing Parkinson’s. Diagnosis is made dependent on a person’s health history, a physical and neurological test, just as a review of signs and indications. Imaging tests, for example, a CAT output or MRI, might be utilized to preclude different conditions. A dopamine carrier (DAT) output may likewise be utilized. 

While these tests don’t affirm Parkinson’s, they can assist rule with trip different conditions and backing the specialist’s finding.

Treatment of Parkinson’s

There’s no cure for Parkinson’s, but there are some treatments available to increase the quality of life and lower the symptoms of the disease. Treatment for Parkinson’s depends on a mix of way of life changes, drugs, and treatments. Sufficient rest, workouts, and a fair eating routine can reduce the severity of the disease. Language training, word-related treatment, and active recuperation can likewise assist with improving correspondence and self-care. 

In practically all cases, the prescription will be needed to help control the different physical and psychological well-being manifestations related to the illness.

How Best We Can Deal With Parkinson’s?

“Awareness is the first step towards defeating Parkinson’s disease. Proper diagnosis can lead to better management of the disease. Today, modern medicine and surgical therapies can offer the best control of Parkinson’s disease. It is important for the PD patient to realize that except for minor lifestyle modifications, he can virtually live a normal life. This can be done by understanding the disease correctly. Tailored medical management based on each individual disease profile and goals, taking the help of Deep Brain stimulation surgery, early in the disease rather than very late (US FDA has also approved DBS for PD with early motor fluctuations), keeping the spirits and morals high and keeping oneself updated about the current knowledge are the important components of the treatment, said Dr. Paresh Doshi, Director of Neurosurgery who works at Jaslok Hospital & Research Centre, Mumbai.

The cause of Parkinson’s disease is still not known yet. According to some research, men are more likely to be diagnosed with the disease. The disease usually occurs in the age of 50-60 and to the people who have any close family member with Parkinson’s. People who experience head injuries may be more likely to develop Parkinson’s disease.

The person with Parkinson’s disease should be treated with love, care, and patience which can help them calm their mind and strength to fight the disease a little longer.

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