All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder and is treatable if the patients come for a regular follow up can get control over their epilepsy and can have a normal life like others

International Epilepsy Day is a special event that promotes awareness of epilepsy in more than 130 countries each year. On the second Monday of February, every year people join together to acknowledge and highlight the problems faced by people with epilepsy, their families, and carers.

This is a day for everyone, no matter where you are, no matter how small your group or large your area is, or no matter whether you focus on the medical or the social aspects of the disease. We want you to help us celebrate International Epilepsy Day.

In an exclusive interaction with HealthWire, Dr. Sushil Tandel, Neurologist at Axis Hospital Mumbai, shares his insights on Epilepsy Day:

What are things that people should know about Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder and is treatable if a patient comes for a regular follow-up. They can get control over their epilepsy and can lead a normal life like others. The patient should know about epilepsy, like what epilepsy is and what are its consequences. Doctors, as well as family members, can play a very meaningful role in helping such patients lead a normal life.

New antiepileptic drugs have fewer side effects, and provide good quality of life to patients. There are two types of epilepsy, one is primary epilepsy and the second is secondary epilepsy. Primary epilepsy is called neuropathy epilepsy in which all the investigations are done with EEG, MRI. Secondary epilepsy can be caused by a tumor in the brain or brain hemorrhage.

How does someone get Epilepsy?

A child has hypoxia or any birth injury, he may have epilepsy. Some of the common causes of epilepsy are head injuries, infections in the brain, a trauma in the brain, or metabolic causes.

Can People die from Epilepsy?

If a patient develops Status epilepticus, which is an emergency case in epilepsy, and if it is not tackled at a proper time, then the patient may die. They may get hypoxia or lack of oxygen in the brain or they may die because of Aspiration pneumonia. In many people with epilepsy, sudden death also happens which is also known as SUDEP death.

How is Epilepsy diagnosed?

Certain blood tests, such as a complete blood count (CBC) and chemistry panel, may be recommended as part of epilepsy diagnosis and treatment. EEG and imaging of the brain like CT scan or MRI can diagnose Epilepsy. Only then treatment can start. Treatment depends on the type of epilepsy.

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