Cystitis is a common disease among men and women but it is more likely to happen in women because their urethra is smaller. Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder that makes it swollen, irritated, or red.
There are various types of cystitis, but the most common ones are acute cystitis and interstitial cystitis. Acute cystitis occurs suddenly whereas interstitial cystitis is a chronic or long-term case of cystitis that affects multiple layers of bladder tissue. The cause of cystitis also determines the types of cystitis.
Types of Cystitis
Certain prescriptions can make your bladder become excited. Meds go through your body, and in the long run exit through your urinary framework. A few meds can disturb your bladder as they leave your body which can cause drug-induced cystitis.
Bacterial cystitis happens when microscopic organisms enter your urethra or bladder and cause contamination. This can likewise result when regularly developing microbes in your body get imbalanced. The disease prompts cystitis or aggravation in your bladder.
Foreign Body Cystitis
Continuous utilization of a catheter — a tube used to encourage the arrival of pee from the bladder — can expand your danger of bacterial disease, and harm tissues in the urinary tract. The two microbes and harmed tissues can cause irritation.
Radiation treatment is utilized to kill cancer growth cells and tumors, yet it can likewise harm sound cells and tissues. Radiation therapy in the pelvic region can make your bladder become aggravated.
Symptoms of cystitis
- Blood in your urine
- The sensation of pressure or bladder fullness
- Cramping in your abdomen or back
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Frequent urge to urinate
Treatment of cystitis
“There are medications and surgeries available for the treatment of cystitis but it would be a better option to choose a home care treatment first in which you can use a heating pad, avoid foods that increase your symptoms. You should avoid the use of drugs that may cause this problem. Home remedies should include cranberry juice, drink a lot of fluids. One should apply any cosmetic to her genital area”, says urologist Dr. Siddhartha.
There are other nonsurgical strategies for cystitis. Extending the bladder with water or gas can also briefly improve side effects.
Nerve incitement can bring down the recurrence of frequent urination urges and may diminish pelvic agony. Furthermore, for cystitis brought about by radiation or chemotherapy, medicine can help flush the bladder.